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Ruaha National Park

The Ruaha national park an astonishing concentration of wildlife within one river basin.

The Savannas of Ruaha are concealed in the interior of Tanzania’s backwoods, in an area fed by the Great Ruaha river. The wonderful scenery of this area consists of rolling plains interrupted by gentle hills and smooth rocky outcrops, the amazingly profuse wildlife sums up almost everything that is essential to the Tanzanian savanna environment.

The Ruaha national park was established in 1964.

It’s Tanzania’s largest national park, the surface area covering 20,200 km2. The maximum length is 260 km from South-West to North-East. The Height: A.S.L in general up to 1,000 m, some scattered hills in the West rise up to 1,800 m (Lyambagari 1,816m, Ikungu 1,830m).

Season variation in the park two well-defined seasons: a dry season from May to October and a wet season from November to April (less rainy in December to February). Bushfires often occur in the dry season.

Only minor seasonal variation in the occurrence of animals

The Vegetation flourishes best in March – April

The best season for visiting is July – October.

The park is rather remote, but accessible by road and air. The roads are difficult during the wet season and can be impassable in places.

By road: 500 km from Dar-es- salaam to Iringa town on good tarmac road, followed by 120 km on rough road (total driving time :10 hours). Or take the tarmac road from Arusha through Dodoma (860 km/days, difficult in wet season).

By air: Daily scheduled flights from Arusha and Dar-es-salaam.

Temperatures: Monthly average 21 – 24C. (Daytime) 25 – 30C, up to 35 – 42C in October – November, and 15 – 18C (at Night), sometimes in July having the coldest nights (as low as 5C).

The Dry season: Starting from May-October, good for spotting large mammals.

Wet season: starting from November-April (less rainy in December-February), good for bird-watching, lush scenery and Wildflowers.

Ruaha national park have several attractions, Wildlife and conservation.

Principal Habitats: Tree and shrub savanna, Miombo savanna, rocky outcrops, Swampy floodplains, riverine forests, river systems

Primary Significance of Conservation:

  • The heart of a huge, diverse savanna ecosystem
  • Huge populations of big predators and Mammals typical of the plains.
  • One of the most significant refuges for the wild dog.
Standard of Conservation Activities:
  • Conservation has been arranged well
  • Supervision is moderately effective

Noteworthy in Nature:

The Wild dog, Sable antelope, Roan antelope, Greater Kudu, Lesser Kudu.

The Ruaha national park is one of the most important refuges for the highly endangered wild dog.

Why Visit Ruaha national park (East African)!

  • An enormous Wilderness area
  • Essentially all the mammals of the East African plains can be seen here.
  • Some species of large mammals, including the greater Kudu, are easy to spot here, whereas they are less visible in most of the other parks.
  • Striking natural beauty: palm – fringed river valleys, savannas dotted with baobabs, rugged rocky outcrops.
  • Marvelous floral splendor during the wet season.
  • Closeness to nature, thanks to the good trekking facilities.
  • Some feeding of solitude, because of the relatively few visitors (around 10,000 a years).


Inside the park: Five lodges, one rest house, two public campsites, a few special campsites and bandas, huts for a good standard at Msembe. (Bookings for special campsites and bandas through the park).

2 public campsite and a couple of special campsites at Msembe and Mdonya old river (bookings for the latter should be made through Nyamera Treks & Safaris).

Several other lodges just outside the park (close to the boundaries).

Major tourism activates:

Game drives, bird watching, camping and bush lunch, there is a good road network in and around Msembe, but it’s sparse in the other parts of the park.

Hiking with a guide in designated areas.

Scenery equal to the best parts of Tarangire and Serengeti:

The Ruaha national park is a part of the huge complex of the Great rift valley. Its eastern boundaries run for almost their whole length along the Great Ruaha River, which lies in the bottom of the rift valley. Most parts of the river within park boundaries are at an altitude of almost 1000 meters, but the lowest parts descend to 750 meters. To the west of the river almost parallel with it’s the escarpment of the rift valley, but this mostly rises just 50-100 meters above its surroundings.